Edible flowers for the northwest gardener

Edible flowers are a lot of fun to experiment with, yet little (and much contradictory) information exists about them. This list excludes all known poisonous and questionable flowers as well as most tropical flowers and some edible flowers with little culinary merit. Please note that this list pertains only to the edibility of the flower portion of the plant. Finally, never eat any plant or flower you cannot identify with certainty.

Note: Treat eating edible flowers as you might mushrooms. Different people have different sensitivities—try a small piece to check out your personal reaction.

Elderberry - Sambucus canadensis

ALL ELDER FLOWERS ARE EDIBLE. BLUE ELDER BERRIES ARE EDIBLE. RED ELDER BERRIES ARE POISONOUS!

Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare
Fuchsia - Fuchsia hybrid
Garlic Mustard - Allaria petiolata
Geranium, Scented - Pelargoniums

Gladiolas - Gladiolus spp.
DO NOT EAT GLADIOLUS GANDAVENSIS.

Herbs (all culinary flowers)
Hibiscus - Hibiscus spp.
Hollyhock - Alcea rosea
Horehound, White - Marrubium vulgare
Hyssop - Hyssopus ocinalis

Jasmine - Jasminium grandiorum
DO NOT CONFUSE WITH CAROLINA JESSAMINE (GELSEMIUM SEMPERVIRENS) WHICH IS POISONOUS!

Jewelweed - Impatiens carpense
Lavender - Lavandula spp.
Johnny Jump Up - Viola tricolor
Lemon Balm - Melissa ocinalis
Lemon Verbena - Lippia citriodora
Prune - Prunus domestica
Rose - Rosa spp.
Rosemary - Rosmarinus ocinalis
Sage - Salvia spp.
Salad Burnett - Sanguisorba ocinalis

Scarlet Runner Bean - Phaseolus coccineus
THE PAINTED LADY RUNNER BEAN IS ALSO EDIBLE
AND QUITE BEAUTIFUL.

Shungiku - Chrysanthemum coronarium
Sorrel - Rumex acetosa
Savory, Summer - Satureja hortensis
Savory, Winter - Satureja montana
Sunflower - Helianthus annuus
Sweet Cicely - Myrrhis odorata
Tarragon - Artemesia dracunculus
Thyme - Thymus spp.

Tulip - Tulipa spp.
DO NOT EAT THE TULIP BULB!

Vegetables All except: tomato, potato,
eggplant, peppers and asparagus

 

Viola - Viola cornuta
Violet - Viola odorata
Watercress - Nasturtium ocinale

Water Lily - Nymphia odorata
WHITE NYMPHAEA ALBA AND YELLOW WATERLILY
(NYMPHAEA LUTEUM) ARE POISONOUS!

Yucca - Yucca spp.

Anise Hyssop - Agastache foeniculum
Arugula - Erusca vesicaria
Basil - Ocimum basilicum
Batchelor Button - Centaurea cyanus
Bee Balm - Monarda didyma
Begonia - Begonia hybrid
Borage - Borago ocinalis
Brassicas - Brassica spp.
Calendula - Calendula ocinalis
Clove Pink - Dianthus caryophyllus
Chamomile - Matricaria recutita
Chervil - Anthriscus cerefolium
Chive - Allium schoenorasum
Garlic Chives - Allium tuberosum
Chrysanthemums - Chrysanth. x morifolium
Citrus Blossoms - Citrus limon, C. sinensis
Clover, Red - Trifolium pratense
Coriander - Coriandrum sativum
Cress - Lepidium sativum
Dill - Anethum graveolens
Daisy, English - Bellis perennis
Dandelion - Taraxacum ocinale
Day Lily - Hemerocallis fulva

Lily - Lilium auratum
ONLY TRUE LILIES ARE EDIBLE. THERE ARE
MANY OTHER SO-CALLED 'LILIES' SUCH AS
AZTEC, CALLA, MARIPOSA, AFRICAN, AND LILY
OF THE VALLEY-ALL OF WHICH ARE
POISONOUS!

Lovage - Levisticum ocinale
Marjoram - Origanum majorana
Maple - Acer macrophyllum, Acer rubrum

Marigold - T. tenuifolia, T. lucida
MOST MARIGOLDS, WHILE EDIBLE, DON'T
TASTE GOOD. TRY 'LEMON GEM', 'TANGERINE
GEM' AND 'MEXICAN TARRAGON'

Meadowsweet - Filipendula ulmaria
Mint - Mentha spp.
Mitsuba - Cryptotaenia japonica
Mustard - Brassica spp.
Nasturtium - Tropaelum majus
Nootka Rose - Rosa nutkana
Nodding Onion - Allium cernuum
Oregano - Origanum vulgare
Pansy - Viola x wirockiana
Passion Flower - Passiora spp.

Peas - Pisum sativum
NOTE: SWEET PEA FLOWERS (LATHYRUS
ODORATUS) ARE POISONOUS!

Perilla - Perilla frutescans
Pineapple Guava - Feijoa sellowiana
Pineapple Sage - Salvia elegans

Poppy - Papaver rhoeas
PETALS ONLY. DO NOT EAT LEAVES. THE
OPIUM, CALIFORNIA AND MEXICAN POPPY
FLOWERS ARE POISONOUS!

Primrose - Primula vulgaris
NOTE: GERMAN PRIMROSE (PRIMROSE
OBCONICA) IS POISONOUS!