Starting Veggies from seed in the garden
growing tips for the Pacific northwest
Swansons offers seed varieties that are particularly well suited to the Pacific Northwest climate and may be sown directly into the garden. The following calendar* can help you decide when to sow and when to harvest. Always check individual seed packets for more specific planting information!
CROP - DAYS TO HARVEST - GENERAL TIME TO PLANT SEEDS - ESTIMATED TIME TO HARVEST
(OW) = Overwinter for late Winter & Spring harvest.
(C) = Cover for early establishment and/or to extend harvest season into cooler months.
* Information is compiled from multiple sources, including Seattle Tilth's Maritime Northwest Garden Guide, Territorial Seed Company Catalog, Steve Solomon's Growing Vegetables West of the Cascades, and Oregon Tilth's Planting & Harvest Calendar.
Beans, Bush (Snap) 60–70 Sow: May–July Harvest: July–Oct
Beans, Bush (Dry) 90–100 Sow: May-June Harvest: Aug.–Oct.
Beans, Pole 70–90 Sow: May–June Harvest: Aug.-Oct.
Beans, Fava 180 Sow: Feb.–March Harvest: Aug.–Oct.
Beans, Fava (OW) 180 Sow: Sept.-Oct. Harvest: March–May
Beets 50–80 Sow: March (C), April–Aug. Harvest: June–Nov.
Broccoli 55–90 Sow: March (C), June–July Harvest: June–Nov.
Broccoli (OW) 220–250 Sow: July–Aug. Harvest: Feb.–May
Brussel Sprouts 100–180 Sow: May-July Harvest: Oct.–Nov.
Cabbage (Fall) 80–90 Sow: late April-May Harvest: July–Nov.
Cabbage (OW) 90–220 Sow: June–Aug. Harvest: Feb.–April
Carrots 70–90 Sow: March (C), April–July Harvest: May-Oct.
Cauliflower (Fall) 90–150 Sow: May–July Harvest: Sept.–Nov.
Cauliflower (OW) 200–260 Sow: July–Aug. Harvest: March–June
Collards 80–100 Sow: March & June–Aug. Harvest: July–Nov.
Corn 70–110 Sow: May–June Harvest: July–Sept.
Cucumber 55–75 Sow: late April-May (C), June Harvest: July–Sept.
Chicory/Endive 60–80 Sow: July–Aug. Harvest: Sept.–Nov.
Garlic (OW) 220–300 Sow: Sept.–Oct. Harvest: May–Aug.
Kale 60–70 Sow: February-March, July Harvest: April–Nov.
Kohlrabi 60–70 Sow: April & June–Aug. Harvest: June–Nov.
Leeks (Fall) 120 Sow: March Harvest: Aug.–Nov.
Leeks (OW) 180–220 Sow: May–June Harvest: Feb.–May
Lettuce 65–80 Sow: March–Sept. Harvest: April–Nov.
Melons 55–85 Sow: May (C), June-July Harvest: Aug.–Sept.
Onions (Fall) 100–120 Sow: March Harvest: Aug.–Nov.
Onions (OW) 180–220 Sow: July–Aug. Harvest: March–June
Parsnips 120 Sow: April–May Harvest: Aug.-Sept.
Peas 90–110 Sow: Feb.–April & Sept.–Oct. Harvest: May–July & Nov.
Potatoes 70–120 Sow: March–May Harvest: June–Sept.
Pumpkins 90–110 Sow: May (C)–June Harvest: Sept.—Nov.
Radishes 25–35 Sow: late Feb.–May & Aug.–Oct. Harvest: April–June & Sept.–Nov.
Scallions 40–60 Sow: April–July Harvest: May–Nov.
Shallots (OW) 90 Sow: Sept.–Oct. Harvest: Feb.–April
Spinach 40–50 Sow: March–Aug. Harvest: April–June & Sept.–Nov.
Summer Squash 55–70 Sow: May (C), June Harvest: July–Sept.
Swiss Chard 60 Sow: March–July Harvest: May–Nov.
Winter Squash 100–150 Sow: May (C), June Harvest: Sept.–Nov.
Turnips 30–55 Sow: March-April Harvest: May–July